The Battle River, seen during the height of summer, is a relatively low flowing water body and that lends to high nutrient levels. The BRWA feels both better wastewater treatment and stricter regulation on agricultural land use practices need to be implemented for greater water quality. File photo

Ag pollution needs more rules to improve Battle River quality

BRWA believes focus on one kind of pollution is missing half the picture

With development and other pressures being placed on the Battle River, there is a need to improve its water quality.

However, what should be in a plan to fix or find a solution to the issue really depends on who is asked the question.

Back in March, the cities of Camrose and Wetaskiwin along with the Town of Ponoka wrote a letter to Alberta Environment and Parks (AEP) to challenge potential new waste water treatment regulations for the Battle River.

The letter demonstrated concerns with the huge added costs to the communities to upgrade facilities on such a low flow river and questioning how realistic the rules are when the water quality is already severely compromised by the unregulated agricultural sector.

“We are committed to the overarching principle of the appropriate management of the environment, but we do feel the need to raise our concerns regarding the province’s practices and polices that affect how wastewater treatment is regulated in our communities and in our watershed,” stated the letter.

Then last month, Ponoka County approved a motion to have its municipal development plan reworked to give reason for the Natural Resources Conservation Board (NRCB) to limit approvals of new confined feeding operations in the area. The hope is maintaining the number of dairy farms and feedlots will keep from adding to the problem.

Also making an argument for better management practices for agriculture, and in a bit of a twist, the conservation organization — Battle River Watershed Alliance — agrees in part with the municipalities.

“While more stringent wastewater treatment requirements will support improved quality to an extent, there is a need to address non-point sources to ensure the greatest benefits are realized. If we don’t, we will be missing half of the picture and improvements will be limited by continuing to contribute to degraded water quality,” stated Sarah Skinner, BRWA watershed planning coordinator.

Categorized into point and non-point source pollution, she explained a number of land use practices and pollution sources are contributing to the current nutrient loading of the overall watershed, including the Battle River, with high levels of phosphorus and nitrogen creating various negative affects. Point sources are usually wastewater treatment facilities with non-point generally described as agricultural operations along with stormwater runoff.

In the latest statistics available — a 2014 report from the BRWA — non-point sources contributed between 31 and 79 per cent of the total phosphorus load in the Battle River and between 38 and 85 per cent of the total nitrogen load. Point sources account for the rest.

“The impacts include excessive aquatic plant and algae growth, and the subsequent decrease in dissolved oxygen levels caused by the decomposition of this plant and algae material,” Skinner added.

“This also impacts fish health and populations, the overall health of the aquatic ecosystem, the recreational value of water bodies and more.”

Skinner pointed out that both sources of pollution need to be better regulated to help improve the Battle River, while taking into account the smaller nature of municipalities on the river system.

And while the environment is important, the BRWA believes an economic balance can be found for communities.

“It’s important that the water quality objectives and wastewater limits we set are site-specific and appropriate to the unique characteristics of the Battle River watershed,” noted Skinner of the prairie-fed watershed.

“We experience drastic fluctuations in quantity from month to month and year to year plus. Existing provincial procedures for determining waste water effluent limits may not be readily or easily applied to this type of system. As such, more appropriate procedures and methods for determining these limits in low flow systems should be applied.

Just Posted

Ponoka Stampeders zero for two against Stettler Lightning

Stamps prepare for Sunday home game against the Cochrane Generals

Ponoka cowboy Vernon (Bud) Butterfield passes away

The Ponoka Stampede Association announced his passing Friday

Ponoka’s ag event centre busy with show jumping event

Equine show jumpers came to the Calnash Ag Event Centre for a show jumping event

Environment Minister clarifies misconceptions in Bighorn proposal

Minister Shannon Phillips speaks to concerns around the Bighorn Country

Three Ponoka men and one youth charged in assault case

Police obtained a search warrant and located drugs and sawed-off shot gun

Students seen mocking Native Americans could face expulsion

One 11-minute video of the confrontation shows the Haka dance and students loudly chanting

May plans next move in Brexit fight as chances rise of delay

Some say a lack of action could trigger a ‘public tsunami’

Group challenges ruling for doctors to give referrals for services that clash with beliefs

A group of five Canadian doctors and three professional organizations is appealing

Major winter storm wreaks havoc on U.S. travel

Nearly 5,000 flights were cancelled Sunday around the country

WATCH: Team Alberta in Red Deer this weekend to prepare for Canada Winter Games

About 250 Team Alberta athletes toured venues and tested out facilities Saturday

CONSUMER REPORT: What to buy each month in 2019 to save money

Resolve to buy all of the things you want and need, but pay less money for them

Anxiety in Alaska as endless aftershocks rattle residents

Seismologists expect the temblors to continue for months, although the frequency has lessened

Women’s March returns across the U.S. amid shutdown and controversy

The original march in 2017, the day after President Donald Trump’s inauguration, drew hundreds of thousands of people

Rare ‘super blood wolf moon’ takes to the skies this Sunday

Celestial event happens only three times this century

Most Read